Division: Division of Air Pollution and Its Control
Position: PhD., Professor
School of Environment, Tsinghua University

Education background

Ph.D. Environmental Engineering, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, 2000

B.E. Environmental Engineering, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, 1996

Areas of Research Interests/ Research Projects

Research Area:

1. Effects of air pollution on soil and ecosystem

2. Emission characteristics of air pollutants

3. Environmental soil chemistry and biogeochemistry

Research Projects (Selected):

2019-2022 Principal Investigator, Study on Transportation and Transformation of Nitrogen Oxides Emitted from Soil in a Typical Subtropical Forest, supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

2019-2021 Study on Comprehensive Prevention and Control System of Regional Air Pollution Complex, supported by National Key Research and Development Program of China.

2019-2021 Principal Investigator, Study on isotope-based source apportionment of nitrogen in atmosphere and surface water surrounding Beijing, supported by special fund of State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control.

2016-2018 Principal Investigator, Study on Mechanism of Soil NOx Emission in Subtropical Forest, supported by Tsinghua University Initiative Scientific Research Program.

2013-2017 Principal Investigator, Transformation of Fine Particulate Matter in Flue Gas, supported by the National Basic Research Program of China.

2014-2017 Principal Investigator, Study on Effects of Atmospheric Deposition on Mercury Emission from Forest Soil in Southwestern China, supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

2011-2013 Principal Investigator, Study on Critical Loads of Acid Deposition in Northeastern Asia, the State Environmental Protection Public Welfare Project.

2010-2012 Co-Principal Investigator, Study on Effects and Critical Loads of Nitrogen Deposition, the State Environmental Protection Public Welfare Project.

2009-2011 Principal Investigator, Application of FGD Gypsum in Remediation of Acidified Forest Soil, supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

2005-2009 Co-Principal Investigator, Response of Soil/water to Acid Deposition and Critical Load, supported by the Fundamental Research and Development Program (973 Program) of China.

2003-2005 Principal Investigator, Reducing Air Pollution Impacts in China: Development of an Integrated, Effect-based Approach for Sustainable Energy Use in the Future, research cooperation between Norway and China.

2003-2004 Principal Investigator, Study on Remediation Technology of Acidified Forest Soil, supported by the Hi-Tech Research and Development Program (863 Program) of China.

1999-2004 Co-Principal Investigator, Integrated Monitoring Program on Acidification of Chinese Terrestrial System, research cooperation between Norway and China.

2003 Principal Investigator, Modeling Sources, Transport and Deposition of Base Cations in China, supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

Academic Achievement

Published Books:

1. Hao Jiming, Duan Lei, Yi Honghong, Li Xinghua, Hu Jingnan. Physical and chemical characteristics of inhalable particles from combustion sources. Beijing: Science Press, 2008 (in Chinese)

2. Hao Jiming, Xie Shaodong, Duan Lei, Ye Xuemei. Critical loads of acid deposition and its application. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2002 (in Chinese).

Published Articles (Selected):

1. Lv Dongwei, Wu Qingru, Ouyang Daiwei, Wen Minneng, Zhang Gehui, Wang Shuxiao, Duan Lei. Differentiated emission control strategy based on comprehensive evaluation of multi-media pollution: Case of mercury emission control. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2022, in press.

2. Deng Jianguo, Wang Shumin, Zhang Jiawei, Zhang Yi, Jiang Jingkun, Gu Yongzheng, Han Tao, Feng Lei, Gao Jian, Duan Lei. Suggestion on further strengthening ultra-low emission standards for pm emission from coal-fired power plants in China. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2022, in press.

3. Ke P, Kang R, Avery LK, Zhang J, Yu Q, Xie D, Duan L. Temporal variations of soil NO and NO2 fluxes in two typical subtropical forests receiving contrasting rates of N deposition. Environmental Pollution, 2022, 295, 118696.

4. Ke Piaopiao, Yu Qian, Ge Xiaodong, Wu Wenzhao, Kang Ronghua, Zhao Bin, Duan Lei. Fluxes of H2S and SO2 above a subtropical forest under natural and disturbed conditions induced by temporal land-use change. Science of the Total Environment, 2022, 811, 152084.

5. Zhang Jiawei, Sun Xiaohui, Deng Jianguo, Li Guoliang, Li Zhijian, Jiang Jingkun, Wu Qingru, Duan Lei. Emission characteristics of heavy metals from a typical copper smelting plant. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2022, 424, 127311.

6. Lv Dongwei, Yu Qian, Xie Danni, Zhang Jiawei, Ge Xiaodong, Si Gaoyue, Zhao Bin, Wang Shuxiao, Larssen Thorjørn, Duan Lei. Critical loads of headwater streams in China using SSWC model modified by comprehensive F-factor. Science of the Total Environment, 2022, 802, 149780

7. Ke Piaopiao, Si Gaoyue, Luo Yao, Cheng Zhenglin, Yu Qian, Duan Lei. Soil nitrogen and sulfur leaching in a subtropical forest at a transition state under decreasing atmospheric deposition. Forests, 2021, 12, 1798.

8. Mohiuddin M, Yu Q, Si GY, Irshad M, Farig M, Hussain Z, Duan L. Availability of iodine from acidified soil after manure amendments. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 2021, 14(1), 1916.

9. Xie D, Duan L, Si G, Liu W, Zhang T, Mulder J. Long-term 15N balance after single-dose input of 15N-labeled NH4+ and NO3- in a subtropical forest under reducing N deposition. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2021, 35, e2021GB006959.

10. Duan Lei, Sun Xiaohui, Luo Yao, Du Baoyu, Wang Qiong, Liu Kaiyun, Zhang Jiawei, Wu Qingru, Wang Shuxiao. Soil-atmosphere exchange of gaseous elemental mercury in three subtropical forests with different substrate Hg concentrations. Atmospheric Environment, 2021, 244, 117869.

11. Yu Qian, Luo Yao, Xu Guangyi, Wu Qingru, Wang Shuxiao, Hao Jiming, Duan Lei. Subtropical forests act as mercury sinks but net sources of gaseous elemental mercury in South China. Environmental Science and Technology, 2020, 54(5), 2772-2779.

12. Ke Piaopiao, Yu Qian, Luo Yao, Kang Ronghua, Duan Lei. Fluxes of nitrogen oxides above a subtropical forest canopy in China. The science of the total environment, 2020, 715, 136993.

13. Xie Danni, Zhao Bin, Wang Shuxiao, Duan Lei. Benefit of China's reduction in nitrogen oxides emission to natural ecosystems in East Asia with respect to critical load exceedance. Environment International, 2020, 136, 105468.

14. Cheng Zhenglin, Tang Yi, Li Engui, Wu Qingru, Wang Long, Liu Kaiyun, Wang Shuxiao, Huang Yongmei, Duan Lei. Mercury accumulation in soil from atmospheric deposition in temperate steppe of Inner Mongolia, China. Environmental Pollution, 2020, 258, 113692

15. Sheng ZL, Huang YM, He KJ, Borjigin N, Yang HY, Chen HY, Li EG, Xu X, Duan L. Responses of plant N-15 natural abundance and isotopic fractionation to N addition reflect the N status of a temperate steppe in China. Journal of Plant Ecology, 2019, 12(3), 550-563.

16. Yu Qian, Si Gaoyue, Zong Tianhua, Mulder Jan, Duan Lei. High hydrogen sulfide emissions from subtropical forest soils based on field measurements in south China. Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 651: 1302–1309.

17. Xie Danni, Zhang Ting, Yu Qian, Huang Yongmei, Mulder Jan, Duan Lei. A sharp decline in nitrogen input in a N-saturated subtropical forest causes an instantaneous reduction in nitrogen leaching. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 2018, 123, 3320–3330.

18. Yu Qian, Duan Lei, Yu Longfei, Chen Xiao, Si Gaoyue, Ke Piaopiao, Ye Zhixiang, Mulder Jan. Threshold and multiple indicators for nitrogen saturation in subtropical forests. Environmental Pollution, 2018, 241, 664-673.

19. Xie Danni, Si Gaoyue, Zhang Ting, Mulder Jan, Duan Lei. Nitrogen deposition increases N2O emission from an N-saturated subtropical forest in southwest China. Environmental Pollution, 2018, 243: 1818-1824.

20. Wan Qi, Yao Qang, Duan Lei, Li Xinghua, Zhang Lei, Hao Jiming. Comparison of elemental mercury oxidation across vanadium and cerium based catalysts in coal combustion flue gas: Catalytic performances and particulate matter effects. Environmental Science and Technology, 2018, 52(5): 2981-2987.

21. Yu Qian, Luo Yao, Wang Shuxiao, Wang Zhiqi, Hao Jiming, Duan Lei. Gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) fluxes over canopy of two typical subtropical forests in south China. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2018, 18: 495-509.

22. Yu Qian, Zhang Ting, Ma Xiaoxiao, Kang Ronghua, Mulder Jan, Larssen Thorjørn, Duan Lei. Monitoring Effect of SO2 Emission Abatement on Recovery of Acidified Soil and Streamwater in Southwest China. Environmental Science and Technology, 2017, 51(17): 9498-9506.

23. Liu W, Yu L, Zhang T, Kang R, Zhu J, Mulder J, Huang Y, Duan L. In situ 15N labeling experiment reveals different long-term responses to ammonium and nitrate inputs in N-saturated subtropical forest. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 2017, 122, 2251–2264.

24. Kang Ronghua, Mulder Jan, Duan Lei, Dörsch Peter. Spatial and temporal variability of soil nitric oxide emissions in N-saturated subtropical forest. Biogeochemistry, 2017, 89(7): 4124-4130.

25. Li Zhen, Jiang Jingkun, Ma Zizhen, Fajardo Oscar A., Deng Jianguo, Duan Lei. Influence of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) installations on emission characteristics of PM2.5 from coal-fired power plants equipped with selective catalytic reduction (SCR). Environmental Pollution, 2017, 230: 655-662.

26. Yu Qian, Zhang Ting, Cheng Zhenglin, Zhao Bin, Mulder Jan, Larssen Thorjorn, Wang Shuxiao, Duan Lei. Is surface water acidification a serious regional issue in China? Science of the Total Environment, 2017, 584-585:783–790.

27. Ma Zizhen, Li Zhen, Jiang Jingkun, Deng Jianguo, Zhao Yu, Wang Shuxiao, Duan Lei. PM2.5 Emission Reduction by Technical Improvement in a Typical Coal-Fired Power Plant in China. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 2017, 13(2): 636-643.

28. Qiu Xionghui, Duan Lei, Chai Fahe, Wang Shuxiao, Yu Qian, Wang Shulan. Deriving High-Resolution Emission Inventory of Open Biomass Burning in China based on Satellite Observations. Environmental Science and Technology, 2016, 50 (21), 11779–11786.

29. Ma Zizhen, Deng Jianguo, Li Zhen, Li Qing, Zhao Ping, Wang Liguo, Sun Yezhu, Zheng Hongxian, Pan Li, Zhao Shun, Jiang Jingkun, Wang Shuxiao, Duan Lei. Characteristics of NOx emission from Chinese coal-fired power plants equipped with new technologies. Atmospheric Environment, 2016, 131, 164-170.

30. Duan L, Chen X, Ma XX, Zhao B, Larssen T, Wang SX, Ye ZX. Atmospheric S and N deposition relates to increasing riverine transport of S and N in southwest China: Implications for soil acidification. Environmental Pollution, 2016, 218, 1191-1199.

31. He KJ, Qi Y, Huang YM, Chen HY, Sheng ZL, Xu X, Duan L. Response of aboveground biomass and diversity to nitrogen addition - a five-year experiment in semi-arid grassland of Inner Mongolia, China. Scientific Reports, 2016, 218, 1191-1199.

32. Luo Y, Duan L, Driscoll CT, Xu GY, Shao MS, Taylor M, Wang SX, Hao JM. Foliage/atmosphere exchange of mercury in a subtropical coniferous forest in south China, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 2016, 121, 2006-2016.

33. Duan L, Yu Q, Zhang Q, Wang ZF, Pan YP, Larssen T, Tang J, Mulder J. Acid deposition in Asia: Emissions, deposition, and ecosystem effects. Atmospheric Environment, 2016, 146, 55-69.

34. Huang YM, Kang RH, Mulder J, Zhang T, Duan L. N saturation in a subtropical forest in Southwestern China with high S and N deposition. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 2015, 120, 2457–2472.

35. Li Z, Jiang JK, Ma ZZ, Wang SX, Duan L. Effect of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) on fine particle emission from two coal-fired power plants in China. Atmospheric Environment, 2015, 120, 227-233.

36. Luo Yao, Duan Lei, Xu Guangyi, Hao Jiming. Inhibition of mercury release from forest soil by high atmospheric deposition of Ca2+ and SO42-. Chemosphere, 2015, 134, 113-119.

37. Posch M, Duan L, Reinds GJ, Zhao Y. Critical loads of nitrogen and sulphur to avert acidification and eutrophication in Europe and China. Landscape Ecology, 2014, 30, 487-499.

38. Luo Yao, Duan Lei, Wang Long, Xu Guangyi, Wang Shuxiao, Hao Jiming. Mercury concentrations in forest soils and stream waters in northeast and south China. Science of the Total Environment, 2014, 496: 714–720.

39. Huang Yongmei, Kang Ronghua, Ma Xiaoxiao, Qi Yu, Mulder J, Duan Lei. Effects of calcite and magnesite application to a declining Masson pine forest on strongly acidified soil in Southwestern China. The Science of the Total Environment, 2014, 481: 469-478.

40. Zhao Bin, Wang Shuxiao, Dong Xinyi, Wang Jiandong, Duan Lei, Fu Xiao, Hao Jiming, Fu Joshua. Environmental effects of the recent emission changes in China: Implications for particulate matter pollution and soil acidification. Environmental Research Letter, 2013, 8: 024031.

41. Duan Lei, Liu Jing, Xin Yan, Larssen T. Air-pollution emission control in China: Impacts on soil acidification recovery and constraints due to drought. The Science of the Total Environment, 2013, 463-464: 1031-1041.

42. Zhao Yu, McElroy M B, Xing Jia, Duan Lei, Nielsen C P, Lei Yu, Hao Jiming. Multiple effects and uncertainties of emission control policies in China: Implications for public health, soil acidification, and global temperature. The Science of the Total Environment, 2011, 409: 5177-5187.

43. Zhao Yu, Duan Lei, Lei Yu, Xing Jia, Nielsen C P, Hao Jiming. Will PM control undermine China's efforts to reduce soil acidification? Environmental Pollution, 2011, 159: 2726-2732.

44. Duan Lei, Ma Xiaoxiao, Larssen T, Mulder J, Hao Jiming. Response of Surface Water Acidification in Upper Yangtze River to SO2 Emissions Abatement in China. Environmental Science and Technology, 2011, 45: 3275-3281.

45. Larssen T, Duan Lei, Mulder J. Deposition and Leaching of Sulfur, Nitrogen and Calcium in Four Forested Catchments in China: Implications for Acidification. Environmental Science and Technology, 2011, 45: 1192-1198.

46. Liu Xuejun, Duan Lei, Mo Jiangming, Du Enzai, Shen Jianlin, Lu Xiankai, Zhang Ying, Zhou Xiaobing, He Chune, Zhang Fusuo. Nitrogen deposition and its ecological impact in China: an overview. Environmental Pollution, 2011, 159: 2251-2264.

47. Park J H, Duan L, Kim B, Mitchell M J, Shibata H. Potential Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Watershed Biogeochemical Processes and Water Quality - a Synthesis for Northeast Asia. Environment International, 2010, 36: 212–225.

48. Zhao Yu, Duan Lei, Xing Jia, Larssen T, Nielsen C, Hao Jiming. Soil acidification in China: Is controlling SO2 emissions enough? Environment Science and Technology, 2009, 43(21): 8021-8026.

49. Zhao Y, Wang S X, Duan L, Lei Y, Cao PF, Hao JM. Primary air pollutant emissions of coal-fired power plants in China: Current status and future prediction. Atmospheric Environment, 2008, 42: 8442–8452.

50. Zhao Yu, Duan Lei, Larssen Thorjorn, Hu Lanhua, Hao Jiming. Simultaneous assessment of depositions of base cations, sulfur and nitrogen using an extended critical load function for acidification. Environmental Science and Technology, 2007, 41(6): 1815-1820.

51. Duan Lei, Huang Yongmei, Hao Jiming, Xie Shaodong, Hou Min. Vegetation uptake of nitrogen and base cations in China and its role in soil acidification. The Science of the Total Environment, 2004, 330: 187-198.

52. Duan Lei, Hao Jiming, Xie Shaodong, Zhou Zhongping, Ye Xuemei. Determining weathering rates of soils in China. Geoderma, 2002, 110(3): 205-225.

53. Ye Xuemei, Hao Jiming, Duan Lei, Zhou Zhongping. Acidification sensitivity and critical loads of acid deposition for surface waters in China. The Science of the Total Environment, 2002, 289(1-3): 189-203.