Division: School of Environment , Tsinghua University
Title: Tenured Professor, PhD advisor 
Address: School of Environment, 100084
229 Sino-Italian Environment and Energy-efficient Building    


Education background

March 2011, Ph.D., School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 

Mar. 2009, M.S., School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 

Jul. 2003, M.S., Department of Environmental Science and Engineering (changed to "School of Environment" in 2011), Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 

Jul. 2000, B.S., College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin, China 


2022.06 - present    Tenured Professor, School of Environment, Tsinghua University

2015.11 - 2022.06 Tenure-track/Tenured Associate Professor, School of Environment, Tsinghua University

2014.01 - 2015.10 Research Associate, John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University

2012.01 - 2015.10 Lecturer Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University

2011.03 - 2013.12 Postdoc Fellow, John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University

2003.08 - 2005.10 Environmental Scientist, CH2M HILL (Beijing)

Areas of Research Interests/ Research Projects

Energy, Climate and Environmental Complex System Modeling:

Integrative assessment framework on renewable energy; 

Low-carbon development and its co-benefit to air pollution control;

Big data analysis of energy storage and variable renewable sources;

Emissions inventory on greenhouse gases and air pollutants;

Energy system for green, low-carbon and smart cities.

Research Status

Energy Strategy Reviews,Co-Editor in Chief 

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Editorial Board Member 

iSciences, Editorial Board Member 

Journal of Environmental Management, Editorial Board Member 

Environmental Science & Ecotechnology, Executive Deputy Editor in Chief 

China Population, Resources and Environment, Academic Editor 

Branch for Young Scientists, of Chinese Society for Environmental Sciences, Vice Director and Secretary general

Chinese Environmental Scholar Forum, Co-Founder 

American Geophysical Union ( AGU) , Member

Honors And Awards

The Fifteenth China's Youth Science and Technology Award ,2019

The First Outstanding Youth Scientist Award of Chinese Society for Environmental Sciences (Gold), 2018

China’s National Natural Science Fund for Excellent Young Scholars, 2017

The Fifth Award on Management Science of China Management Science Society, 2016

National Thousand Youth Talent Plan,2015

Chinese Government Award for Outstanding Self-financed Students Abroad,2010

Academic Achievement

1、 Haikun Wang#*, Xi Lu#, Yu Deng#, Yaoguang Sun, Chris P. Nielsen, Yifan Liu, Ge Zhu, Maoliang Bu, Jun Bi*, Michael B. McElory, China’s CO2 peak before 2030 implied from characteristics and growth of cities. Nature Sustainability, 2019, 2, 748-754. (front cover)

2、 Shi Chen#, Xi Lu#, *, Yufei Miao, Yu Deng, Chris P.Nielsen, Noah Elbot, Yuanchen Wang, Kathryn G. Logan, Michael B. McElroy*, Jiming Hao1The Potential of Photovoltaics to Power the Belt and Road Initiative, Joule 3, 1–18, August 21, 2019 (front cover)

3、 Minghao Zhuang, Xi Lu*, Dario Caro, Jun Gao, Jian Zhang, Brendan Cullen, Qiwei Li, Emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases from livestock in China during 2000–2015: Magnitude, trends and spatiotemporal patterns, Journal of Environmental Management, 2019, 242: 40-45.

4、 Xi Lu*, Liang Cao, Haikun Wang, Wei Peng, Jia Xing, Shuxiao Wang, Siyi Cai, Bo Shen, Qing Yang, Chris P. Nielsen, Michael B. McElroy*, Gasification of coal and biomass: a net carbon-negative power source for environment-friendly electricity generation in China, PNAS, 2019, 116 (17), 8206-8213.

5、 Qiwei Li, Jiaxuan Zhang, Jiahui Chen, Xi Lu*, Reflection on opportunities for high penetration of renewable energy in China, WIREs Energy and Environment, 2019, 8: null. doi: 10.1002/wene.344. (front cover)

6、 Bin Zhao, Haotian Zheng, Shuxiao Wang*, Kirk R. Smith*, Xi Lu, Kristin Aunan, Yu Gu, Dian Ding, Jia Xing, Xiao Fu, Xudong Yang, Kuo-Nan Liou, Jiming Hao, Change in household fuels dominates the decrease in PM2.5 exposure and premature mortality in China in 2005-2015, PNAS, 2018, 115: 12401-12406

7、 Wei Peng, Junnan Yang, Xi Lu, Denise L. Mauzeralla*, Potential co-benefits of electrification for air quality, health, and CO2 mitigation in 2030 China, Applied Energy, 2018, 218:511-519. 

8、 Changgui Dong, Ye Qi*, Wenjuan Dong, Xi Lu, Tianle Liu, Shuai Qian, Decomposing driving factors for wind curtailment under economic new normal in china, Applied Energy, 2018, 217:178-188. 

9、 Haikun Wang*, Yanxu Zhang, Hongyan Zhao, Xi Lu *, Yanxia Zhang, Weimo Zhu, Chris P. Nielsen, Xin Li, Qiang Zhang, Jun Bi*, Michael B. McElroy , Trade-driven relocation of air pollution and health impacts in China, Nature communications, 2017, 8(1), 738.

10、 Ning Zhang, Xi Lu*, Michael B. McElroy, Chris P. Nielsen, Xinyu Chen, Yu Deng, Chongqing Kang, Reducing curtailment of wind electricity in China by employing electric boilers for heat and pumped hydro for energy storage, Applied Energy, 2016, 184:987-994. 

11、 Meiyu Guo, Xi Lu*, Chris P. Nielsen, Michael B. McElroy, Wenrui Shi, Yuntian Chen, Yuan Xu, Prospects for shale gas production in China: Implications for water demand, Renewable  Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2016, 66:742-750. 

12、 Xi Lu*, Michael B. McElroy*, Wei Peng, Shiyang Liu, Chris P. Nielsen, Haikun Wang, Challenges faced by China compared with the US in developing wind power, Nature Energy, 2016, 6(1). (front cover)

13、 Haikun Wang*, Yanxia Zhang, Xi Lu, Chris P. Nielsen, Jun Bi , Understanding China's carbon dioxide emissions from both production and consumption perspectives, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015, 52: 189-200. 

14、 Xi Lu, M.B. McElroy, X. Chen, C Kang , Opportunity for offshore wind to reduce future demand for coal-fired power plants in China with consequent savings in emissions of CO2, Environmental Science & Technology, 2014, 48(24), 14764-14771. 

15、 Xinyu Chen, Xi Lu*, Michael B. McElroy, Chris P. Nielsen, Chongqing Kang, Synergies of Wind Power and Electrified Space Heating: A Case Study for Beijing, Environmental Science & Technology, 2014, 48 (3), 2016-2024. 

16、 Huang, Junling, Xi Lu, and Michael B. McElroy , Meteorologically defined limits to reduction in the variability of outputs from a coupled wind farm system in the Central US, Renewable Energy, 2013, 62: 331-340. 

17、 Xi Lu, Michael B. McElroy, Chris P. Nielsen, Xinyu Chen, and Junling Huang, Optimal Integration of Offshore Wind Power for a Steadier, Environmentally Friendlier, Supply of Electricity in China, Energy Policy, 2013, 62: 131-138. 

18、 Xi Lu, Michael B. McElroy*, Gang Wu, and Chris P. Nielsen , Accelerated Reduction in SO2 Emissions from the US Power Sector Triggered by Changing Prices of Natural Gas, Environmental Science & Technology, 2012, 46 (14), 7882-7889. 

19、 Xi Lu, Jackson Salovaara, and Michael B. McElroy*, Implications of the Recent Reductions in Natural Gas prices for Emissions of CO2 from the US Power Sector, Environmental Science  Technology, 2012, 46 (5), 3014-3021. 

20、 Xi Lu, Michael B. McElroy*, and Nora Sluzas, Costs for Integrating Wind into the Future ERCOT System with Related Costs for Savings in CO2 Emissions, Environmental Science  Technology, 2011, 45 (7), 3160–3166. 

21、 Michael B. McElroy*,  Xi Lu (joint first author), Chris P. Nielsen, Yuxuan Wang , Potential for Wind Generated Electricity in China, Science, 2009, 325 (5946), 1378-1380. (front cover)

22、 Xi Lu, Michael B. McElroy* and Juha Kiviluoma, Global Potential for Wind-Generated Electricity, PNAS, 2009, 106:10933-10938.


Yuxuan Wang, Jiming Hao, Xi LU (translators), 2011, Energy: Perspective, Energy: Perspectives, Problems, and Prospects, by Michael B. McElroy, China’s Science Press, Beijing

Xi LU, and Michael B. McElroy, Chapter 4 - Global Potential for Wind-Generated Electricity, Wind Energy Engineering -A Handbook for Onshore and Offshore Wind Turbines, Elsevier, 2017

Xi LU, Shuxiao Wang, Jiming Hao (translators), 2018, Energy and Climate: Vision for the Future by Michael B. McElroy, China’s Science Press, Beijing