心理学系

Department of Psychology

姓名:

SETH ROBERTS
(1953.8 - 2014.4)

职称:教授 清华大学

联系方式:13681170784

邮箱:twoutopias@gmail.com

 

教育背景

1974,俄勒冈州的波特兰里德学院心理学学士学位

1979,普罗维登斯、罗德岛布朗大学实验心理学博士学位

 

工作履历

1973,俄勒冈大学医学院布朗博士Judson研究助手

1978-1985,加州大学伯克利分校助理教授

1985-2007,加州大学伯克利分校副教授

2007至今,加州大学伯克利分校名誉退休教授

2008至今,清华大学教授

 

学术兼职

在以下学术期刊或者机构担任评审员:

《美国心理学杂志》

《动物学习和行为》

《行为神经科学》

《认知科学》

《心理科学近期趋势》

《实验心理学期刊:动物行为过程》

《实验心理学期刊:人类感知和性能、行为研究方法、仪器仪表、计算机、营养、生理、行为、营养、心理评论、心理的方法,实验心理学季刊》

西方心理学协会

美国国家科学基金会

国家精神卫生研究所

 

1984-1986《动物学习与行为》咨询编辑

2004-2007《营养》编辑咨询委员会

2007  至今 《营养》编辑委员会

 

研究领域

营养心理学,自我研究,以自己为被试的实验方式

 

研究概况

其主要研究是关于如何通过研究自己来改善我们的健康。作为一个普通人,不仅仅是科学家,也能做到这一点。达到这种目的主要方式是通过测试不同食物对大脑的不同影响。例如,黄油和亚麻子油能提高大脑功能。自我研究是运用科学来提高自己的生活的方式。随着信息(例如,科学文章)及科学设备(如,笔记本电脑)比以往都要更加便宜和触手可及,自我研究也已变得越来越有力,。这种方式将会在未来变得越来越重要。Seth的部分研究是关于如何进行个人研究。和普通群众如何运用科学来提高自己的生活质量。

 

奖励与荣誉

 国家科学基金会的奖学金,1974 - 1978。

课题”生物钟的性能和功能“主要研究人员,获85000美元国家科学基金会的研究资金, 1979 - 1983。

课题“生物钟的性能“的主要研究人员,获国家精神卫生研究所80000美元的研究资金,1983 - 1987。

阿尔弗雷德•斯隆基础研究奖学金(神经),25000美元($),1986 - 1989。

 

学术成果

主要发表论文

1. Cunningham, C. L., Brown, J. S., & Roberts, S. (1974). Startbox-goalbox confinement durations as determinants of self-punitive behavior. Learning and Motivation, 7, 340-355.

2. Roberts, S., & Church, R. M. (1978). Control of an internal clock. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 4, 318-337.

3. Roberts, S. (1980). How to check a computer program. Behavior Research Methods & Instrumentation, 17, 155-156.

4. Maricq, A. V., Roberts, S., & Church, R. M. (1981). Methamphetamine and time estimation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 7, 18-30.

5. Roberts, S. (1981). Isolation of an internal clock. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 7, 242-268.

6. Roberts, S. (1982). Cross-modal use of an internal clock. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 8, 2-22.

7. Roberts, S. (1983). Properties and function of an internal clock. In R. L. Mellegren (Ed.), Animal Cognition and Behavior (pp. 345-397). Amsterdam: North-Holland Press.

8. Roberts, S., & Holder, M. D. (1984). The function of time discrimination and classical conditioning. In J. Gibbon & L. Allan (Eds.), Timing and time perception (pp. 228-241). New York: New York Academy of Sciences.

9. Roberts, S., & Holder, M. D. (1984). What starts an internal clock? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 10, 273-296.

10. Roberts, S. (1984). What then should we do? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 7, 532-533.

11. Holder, M. D., & Roberts, S. (1985). Comparison of timing and classical conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 11, 172-119.

12. Roberts, S., & Holder, M. D. (1985). Effect of classical conditioning on an internal clock. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 11, 194-214.

13. Eberling, J. L., & Roberts, S. (1986). Effect of zona incerta lesions on timing: Application of a new method of functional mapping. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 12, 755.

14. Roberts, S. (1987). Less-than-expected variability in evidence for three stages in memory function. Behavioral Neuroscience, 101, 120-125.

15. Roberts, S. (1987). Evidence for distinct serial processes in animals: The multiplicative-factors method. Animal Learning & Behavior, 15, 135-173.

16. Holder, M. D., & Roberts, S. (1988). Effect of intertrial interval on variable-interval discrete-trial barpressing. Animal Learning & Behavior, 16, 340-353.

17. Roberts, S. (1992). Arising aid (U. S. Patent No. 5,079,682). United States Department of Commerce Patent and Trademark Office.

18. Roberts, S. (1993). Use of independent and correlated measures to divide a time-discrimination mechanism into parts. In D. E. Meyer & S. Kornblum (Eds.), Attention and Performance XIV: Synergies in experimental psychology, artificial intelligence, and cognitive neuroscience--A Silver Jubilee (pp. 589-610). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

19. Roberts, S., & Sternberg, S. (1993). The meaning of additive reaction-time effects: Tests of three alternatives. In D. E. Meyer & S. Kornblum (Eds.), Attention and Performance XIV: Synergies in experimental psychology, artificial intelligence, and cognitive neuroscience--A Silver Jubilee (pp. 611-653). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

20. Roberts, S. (1993). Beneath the sums of squares. American Journal of Psychology, 106, 308-320.

21. Roberts, S. (1994). Arising aid (U. S. Patent No. 5,327,331). United States Department of Commerce Patent and Trademark Office.

22. Clarke, S., Ivry, R., Grinband, J., Roberts, S., & Himizu, N. (1996). Exploring the domain of the cerebellar timing system. In M. A. Pastor & J. Artieda (Eds.), Time, internal clocks and movement (pp. 257-280). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

23. Roberts, S. (1998). The mental representation of time: Uncovering a biological clock. In D. Scarborough & S. Sternberg (Eds.), Methods, models, and conceptual issues (pp. 53-106). Vol. 4 in D. N. Osherson (Ed.), An invitation to cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

24. Roberts, S., & Neuringer, A. (1998). Self-experimentation. In K. A. Lattal & M. Perrone (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in human operant behavior (pp. 619-655). New York: Plenum.

25. Roberts, S. (1999). Baer (1998) on self-experimentation. Self-experimentation Self-control Communications, 10(2), 1-3.

26. Roberts, S., & Pashler, H. (2000). How persuasive is a good fit? A comment on theory testing. Psychological Review, 107, 358-367.

27. Gharib, A., Derby, S., & Roberts, S. (2001). Timing and the control of variation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 27, 165-178.

28. Roberts, S. (2001). Surprises from self-experimentation: Sleep, mood, and weight. Chance, 14 (2), 7-12.

29. Roberts, S. (2001). Rejoinder. Chance, 14 (2), 15.

30. Roberts, S., & Pashler, H. (2002). Reply to Rodgers & Rowe (2002). Psychological Review, 109, 605-607.

31. Roberts, S., & Temple, N. (2002). Medical research: A bettor’s guide. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 23, 231-232.

32. Carpenter, K. J., Roberts, S., & Sternberg, S. (2003). Nutrition and immune function: Problems with a 1992 report. The Lancet, 361, 2247.

33. Roberts, S., & Sternberg, S. (2003). Do nutritional supplements improve cognitive function in the elderly? Nutrition, 19, 976-980.

34. Roberts, S. (2004). Self-experimentation as a source of new ideas: Examples about sleep, mood, health, and weight. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 227-262.

35. Roberts, S. (2004). Self-experimentation: Friend or foe? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 275-287.

36. Gharib, A., Gade, C., & Roberts, S. (2004). Control of variation by reward probability. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 4, 271-282.

37. Roberts, S. (2005, September). Diversity in learning. Ideas That Matter, 3 (3), 39-43.

38. Roberts, S. (2006). Dealing with scientific fraud: A proposal. Public Health Nutrition, 9, 664-665.

39. Roberts, S., & Gharib, A. (2006). Variation of bar-press duration: Where do new responses come from? Behavioural Processes.

40. Sternberg, S., & Roberts, S. (2006). Nutritional supplements and infection in the elderly: Why do the findings conflict? Nutrition Journal, 5, 30.

41. Roberts, S. (2007). Something is better than nothing. Nutrition, 23, 911-912.

42. Gelman, A., & Roberts, S. (2007). Weight loss, self-experimentation, and web trials: A conversation. Chance, 20(4), 59-63.

43. Roberts, S. (2008). Transform your data. Nutrition, 24, 492-494.

44. Roberts, S. (2009). Plot your data. Nutrition, 25, 608-611.

45. Stahlman, W., Roberts, S., & Blaisdell, A. (2010). Effect of reward probability on spatial and temporal variation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 36, 77-91.

46. Roberts, S. (2010). The unreasonable effectiveness of my self-experimentation. Medical Hypotheses, 75, 482-489. On-line publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2010.04.030

47. Roberts, S. (2010). The value of self-experimentation. In T. Ferriss, The Four-Hour Body. New York: Crown Publishing. Pp. 468-473.

48. Roberts, S. (2010). An alternative to dieting: The body-fat set point and Shangri-La. On T. Ferriss, The Four-Hour Body website: http://www.fourhourworkweek.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Alternative-to-Dieting.pdf.

49. Roberts, S. (in press). The reception of my self-experimentation. Journal of Business Research.

 

其他出版

1. Roberts, S. (1987, March 26). The new animal facility is needed. The Daily Californian, p. 4.

2. Roberts, S. (1988). The birth of art. The Nabokovian, 20, 19-20.

3. Roberts, S. (1988, December). [Letter to the editor of The New Yorker]. Spy, p. 54.

4. Roberts, S. (1988, December 17). Someone a target [Letter to the editor]. Kitschener-Waterloo Record, p. 47.

5. Roberts, S. (1989, February). "If there's one thing Ellsworth can't stand, it's talking-dog-on-desert-island cartoons." Spy, p. 34. [no volume or issue number available]

6. Roberts, S. (1989, May). [Letter to the editor of The New Yorker]. Spy, p. 54.

7. Roberts, S. (1989, June). [Letter to the editor]. Spy, p. 10.

8. Beatty, B., Roberts, S., & Mastrianni, J. (1989, September). Where's the LET'S HAVE LUNCH key? Spy, p. 68.

9. Roberts, S. (1989, December). How to get published in The New Yorker. Spy, p. 48.

10. Roberts, S. (1990, February). Only the slightly imperfect need apply. Spy, p. 40.

11. Roberts, S. (1990, July). Lab rat: What AIDS researcher Dr. Robert Gallo did in pursuit of the Nobel Prize, and what he didn't do in pursuit of a cure for AIDS. Spy, pp. 70-79.

12. Roberts, S. (1990, November). [Letter to the editor]. Spy, p. 14

13. Roberts, S. (1994, August 28). Out of silence [letter to the editor]. Washington Post Book World, vol 26, no. 35, p. 10.

14. Roberts, S. (1995, May/June). Department of subtle differences, Part 1: What are you, a comedian? Spy, 9 (3), p. 20.

15. Roberts, S. (1996, June 5-11). [letter to the editor]. NYPress, p. 12.

16. Roberts, S. (1997, July 26). [letter to the editor]. Science News, 152 (4), p. 51.

17. Roberts, S. (2006). The Shangri-La Diet: The Eat Anything No Hunger Weight-Loss Plan. New York: Perigee. Translated into 8 other languages. Paperback edition, significantly different, published in 2007.