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Tsinghua Law Dean Wang Zhenmin Speaks at HK Basic Law 25th Anniversary Seminar

On April 4, 2015, the 25th anniversary of the promulgation of the Basic Law of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (S.A.R.), the Hong Kong S.A.R. government held a seminar to commemorate the quarter century of the Hong Kong Basic Law at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Center.

At the seminar, the dignitaries and attendees reminisced about the history of the Basic Law throughout its life span from the drafting, promulgation, and implementation as well as looked to the Basic Law’s future in Hong Kong. The distinguished guests attending the seminar included the Vice President of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference Tung Chee-hwa, Chief Executive of Hong Kong S.A.R. Leung Chun-ying, Director of the Liaison Office of the Central People’s Government in the Hong Kong S.A.R. Zhang Xiaoming, Vice Director of Hong Kong Basic Law Committee of National People’s Congress Standing Committee Elsie Leung as well as representatives of the Hong Kong S.A.R., social organizations and young students.


Chief Executive of Hong Kong S.A.R. Leung Chun-ying gave a keynote speech at the seminar. He pointed out that the Basic Law was not only a national law but also a Hong Kong S.A.R. law, noting that as a Special Administrative Region, the power of Hong Kong stems from the central government of the People’s Republic China and the Basic Law stipulated the scope of this power.

Tsinghua Law School Dean and Chairman of the Hong Kong & Macao Basic Law Research Society Wang Zhenmin delivered a speech on the topic of the relationship between the P.R.C. Central Government and Hong Kong S.A.R. under the Basic Law. Dean Wang Zhenmin insisted the principle of ‘One Country, Two Systems’ is key to dealing with the relations between the central government and the government of the Hong Kong S.A.R. Dean Wang Zhenmin said that in the past, there was stress on the specificity of ‘two systems’, but in fact ‘one country’ was the basis and precondition of ‘two systems’. The stabilization of ‘one country’ was an important standard for the success of ‘One Country, Two Systems’. Dean Wang Zhenmin also commented on the division of functions and powers between the P.R.C. Central Government and Hong Kong S.A.R. was neither Hong Kong’s full autonomy nor changing Hong Kong’s interior system. Although there was an explicit division of functions and powers between the central government and Hong Kong and the two sides performed their duties and took their responsibilities respectively, the two sides were not isolated from each other. Dean Wang Zhenmin urged mutual cooperation and coordination and reminded the common duties and mission of the central government and Hong Kong are to safeguard the interest of national sovereignty, safety and development as well as maintain the prosperity of stabilization of Hong Kong.


Additionally, Chief Executive Officer of Hong Kong Airport Authority Lin Tianfu told those in attendance from the perspective of economic development, Hong Kong ought to fully use its advantageous situation and special status under the ‘One Country, Two Systems’ principle to coordinate with the national development. Also in attendance was former Director Commerce and Economic Development Bureau Ma Shiheng, who interacted with four young people Hong Kong in the audience about their understanding of the ‘One Country, Two Systems’ principle.

To conclude the historic event, Chief Executive of Hong Kong S.A.R. Leung Chun-ying summarized that the seminar for the 25th anniversary of the promulgation of Hong Kong Basic Law had great practical significance and guiding value for the proper understanding of the original intention and idea of ‘One Country, Two Systems’, ‘Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong with a high degree of autonomy’, and for the accomplishment of political reform.