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讲座题目:学生国际流动:理论和方法的反思

讲者:Yasemin Soysal,英国埃塞克斯大学社会学系教授
主持人:李强,刘精明

讲座时间:5月16日(周三) 下午2:00
讲座地点:清华大学熊知行楼 211

Abstract: The increase in the number of internationally circulating higher education students in the last 50 years has been striking:  from approximately 250,000 in 1965, up to an estimated 5 million at present.  Conventionally, international education is studied either in relation to high skilled migration or as a mechanism of elite (re-)production.  The former focuses on classical push & pull factors at the country (aggregate) level, with brain-drain or -gain implications.  The latter engages with Bourdieusian logic of capital conversion; it is often discussed in the context of middle- and upper-class family strategies and investment in their children.  I consider such perspectives analytically restrictive and insufficient to understand
the mobility of higher education students in the 21st century—instead we need to locate our analysis in the nexus of education and migration fields. 
  Starting from a transnational vantage point, I suggest a theoretical perspective which connects educational migrations to transnational convergences, among higher education institutions towards global standards and among students towards the spread of educational and mobility aspirations as an end in itself.  Methodologically such a perspective requires multi-sited comparisons of higher education students, not only those who move abroad for their education but also who move internally, and those who do not move at all.  Bright Futures is a unique collaborative research project   that draws on such comparisons of high quality representative data of Chinese international students in the UK and Germany with representative samples of Chinese students in China, as well British and German students in their countries respectively as control groups.  In my talk, I will draw on the project premises to elaborate the implications of such analytical strategy for a number of issues in international student mobility, particularly aspirations beyond returns, heterogeneity, and selectivity. 
  讲座简介:过去50年里,出国接受高等教育的学生人数增长迅猛:从1965年的约25万人,增长到现在的约5百万人。一般来说,对国际教育的研究沿着两条路径展开:一是与高技能人才的迁移相联系,二是视为精英生产或再生产的一种机制。前者聚焦于经典的推拉理论,关注国家或整体层面的推力和拉力,以及由此产生的人才流失或流入;后者遵循布迪厄的资本转换逻辑,讨论中上层家庭的策略和对孩子的教育投资。我认为,上述研究视角都在分析上有限制,不足以理解在21世纪所发生的大学生流动现象。我认为,我们需要从教育与迁移的关系上来看待大学生流动。我建议从跨国优势视角出发,采取以下理论分析视角:将教育迁移与跨国的趋同性相联系,这些趋同性在高等教育机构和学生身上都有体现。在方法上,这种分析视角需要对不同大学生进行多重比较,比较的群体包括出国学生(发生国际流动),未出国但在国内发生区域流动的学生,以及从未发生流动的学生。“光明的前途”即是一项着眼于此类比较的独特合作研究项目。该项目的调查群体包括在英国和德国就读的中国籍大学生,在国内就读的中国本土学生,以及作为参照组的英国和德国本土学生。在讲座中,我将从研究假设出发,讨论与学生国际流动有关的一系列议题,尤其是学生对教育回报的期待、学生的异质性和选择性。